Ôn tập hè Tiếng Anh 6 bài 5

Thứ ba - 21/07/2020 09:47

Ôn tập hè Tiếng Anh 6 bài 5 gồm các kiến thức cơ bản về các dạng so sánh, cách dùng Much, many, a lot of và lots of, ....có bài tập trắc nghiệm kèm theo đáp án mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.

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A. KIẾN THỨC CƠ BẢN
• Present simple tense (Review)
• Present progressive tense (Review)
• Adjectives (Review)
• Comparatives and superlatives
• The use of a lot of, lots of
• The use of should/ shouldn't
1. Comparatives and superlatives
a) So sánh hơn (Comparatives)
So sánh hơn là để so sánh giữa hai người hoặc vật/ sự vật.
Jiro is taller than Yukio.
Yukio is tall, but Jiro is taller.
b) So sánh hơn nhất (Superlatives)
So sánh hơn nhất là để so sánh nhiều hơn hai người hoặc vật. Thông thường các câu so sánh hơn nhất có THE, bởi chỉ có một thứ là nhất.
Masami is the tallest in the class.
Yukio is tall, and Jiro is taller, but Masami is the tallest.
Các quy tắc của dạng so sánh với tính từ:
Tính từ
(Adjective form)
So sánh hơn (Comparative) So sánh hơn nhất (Superlative)
Tính từ một âm tiết kết thúc là -e
wide, fine, cute
 thêm -r:
-> wider, finer, cuter
thêm -st:
-> widest, finest, cutest
Tính từ có một âm tiết nhưng kết thúc bằng một nguyên âm và một phụ âm hot, big, fat nhân đôi phụ âm cuối và thêm -er:
-> hotter, bigger, fatter
nhân đôi phụ âm cuối và thêm -est:
-> hottest, biggest, fattest
 
Tính từ có một âm tiết kết thúc bằng một nguyên âm, và nhiều hơn một phụ âm.
light, neat, fast
thêm -er:
-> lighter, neater, faster
thêm -est:
-> lightest, neatest, fastest
 
Tính từ có hai Am tiết kết thúc bằng y happy, silly, lonely Chuyển y thành i sau đó thêm -er:
-> happier, sillier, lonelier
Chuyển y thành i sau đó thêm-est:
-> happiest, silliest, loneliest
 

2. Much, many, a lot of và lots of
a) Many hoặc much thường đứng trước danh từ. Many đi với danh từ đếm được và much đi với danh từ không đếm được:
She didn't eat much breakfast.
(Cô ta không ăn sáng nhiều.)
There aren't many large glasses left.
(Không còn lại nhiều cốc lớn.)
* Many và much dùng nhiều trong câu phủ định và câu nghi vấn, trong câu khẳng định có thể dùng các loại từ khác như plenty of a lot. lots of... để thay thế.
How much money have you got? I've got plenty.
He got lots of men friends, but he doesn't know many women.
b) A lot of + uncountable noun + singular verb
    Lots of + plural noun + plural verb
A lot of time is needed to learn a language.
Lots of us think it's time for an election.
c) Should do something/ Shouldn't do something.
Bạn có the dùng should để cho lời khuyên hay đưa ra ý kiến.
You look tired. You should go to bed now. (Anh mệt rồi. Anh nên đi ngủ đi.) "Should we invite Susan to the party?" "Yes. 1 think we should."
"Chúng ta có nên mời Susan đến dự tiệc không?” "Có, tôi nghĩ là chúng ta nên mời."
You shouldn't do that. (Bạn không nên làm điều đó.)
You shouldn't waste electricity. (Bạn không nên lãng phi diện.)

B. BÀI TẬP MINH HOẠ
I. Choose the best option A, B, c or I) to complete the sentence.
1. I don't know ……. people.
A. many
B. much
C. a lot
D. few
2. Would you like some sugar? 
- Yes. please, just …………….
A. few
B. little
C. a few
D. a little
3. They say he has money. 
A. a lot of
B. plenty
C. lots
D. many
4. ….. your brother spend Christmas with you?
A. Do
B. Docs
C. Have
D. Has
5. I think she …… letters in her room now.
A. is typing
B. has typed
C. typed
D. types
6. I get a letter …. my boyfriend every day.
A. of
B. off
C. from
D. out
7. Can I …. you a question? 
A. put
B. make
C. pose
D. ask
8. Jane is the ….. of the two sisters.
A. elder
B. eldest
C. oldest
D. older
9. I am glad so many people have passed the test. In fact, there were ….. who haven't. 
A. little
B. a little
C. few
D. a few
10. Chicago is a large city, …..?
A. aren't it
B. doesn't it
C. won't it
D. isn't it
11. How much money did he borrow ….. the bank?
A. to
B. of
C. off
D. from
12. We saw wild animals on vacation.
A. quite a few
B. quite much
C. quite many
D. quite some
13. John eats ….. meat, a lot of rice and vegetables.
A. little/ a few
B. a lot/ few
C. a little/ a few
D. a little/ few
14. We should …… lights before going out.
A. switch off
B. switch on
C. switch
D. to switch off
15. The Mekong River is …… than the Red River.
A. shorter
B. longer
C. long
D. short
16. The Nile River is … river in the world.
A. longest
B. longer
C. the longer
D. the longest
17. Which is ……. mountain in Vietnam?
A. the highest
B. the higher
C. highest
D. the high
18. We have beautiful beaches. It is country.
A. lot of/ a great
B. lot of/ great
C. lots of/ a great
D. lots of/ great
19. We are wasting power, oil and gas.
A. too
B. too much
C. much too
D. many
20. The population of the world is growing. More people ….. food and land
A. need more
B. more need
C. want more
D. need

II. Write the correct word for each object. 

III. There is one mistake in each sentence. Find out, underline and correct it.
  Your corrections
1. Nam usually gets up at 6 a.m and take a shower.
2. Trung don't have English on Monday and Thursday.
3. Docs she brushes her teeth every morning?
4. On the street, there arc a restaurant, a bookstore and a cafeteria.
5. The movie theater is among the bakery and the drugstore.
6. What color is her eyes?
7. There arc some oranges and some banana on the table.
8. How many rice do you want?
9. How often do you go to the zoo a week?
  - I go to the zoo one a week.
10. What arc you going do this summer vacation?
11. They arc going to stay at a hotel in Ha Noi for three days.
12. Phanxipang is highest mountain in Vietnam.
13. We collect waste paper, scrap metal, old plastic and recycle it.
14. What docs factories do with waste and scrap?
15. Why do the world need more food?
 
…………………........
…………………........
…………………........
…………………........
…………………........
…………………........
…………………........
…………………........
…………………........

…………………........
…………………........
…………………........
…………………........
…………………........
…………………........

C. GÓC ĐỐ VUI
Game of Hidden English Words : Animals

Each sentence below has a animal hidden in it. Find it!
1. There were two million dollars in the bank.
2. The police inspectors were trying to locate the robbers.
3. The cook was grating the cheese.
4. Kevin has been advised to do good reading for the test.
5. Andrew entered the cafeteria in the evening.
 
ĐÁP ÁN
B. BÀI TẬP MINH HOẠ
I. Choose the best option A. B, c or I) to complete the sentence.
1 .A. many
2. D. a little
3. A. a lot of
4. B. Does
5. A. is typing
6. C. from
7. D. ask
8. A. elder
9. C. few
10. D 1. isn’t it
11. D. from
12. A. quite a few
13. C. a little/ a few
14. A. switch off
15. B. longer
16. D. the longest 
17. A. the highest
18. c. lots of/ a great
19. B. too much 
20. A. need more

II. Write the correct word for each object.
1. bottle
2. piece
3. slice
4. box
5. tin
6. bar
7. can
8. jar
9. packet
10. loaf

III. There is one mistake in each sentence. Find out, underline and correct it.
  Your corrections
1. Nam usually gets up at 6 a.m and take a shower.
2. Trung don't have English on Monday and Thursday.
3. Docs she brushes her teeth every morning?
4. On the street, there are a restaurant, a bookstore and a cafeteria.
5. The movie theater is among the bakery and the drugstore.
6. What color is her eyes?
7. There arc some oranges and some banana on the table.
8. How many rice do you want?
9. How often do you go to the zoo a week?
  - I go to the zoo one a week.
10. What are you going do this summer vacation?
11. They are going to stay at a hotel in Ha Noi for three days.
12. Phanxipang is highest mountain in Vietnam.
13. We collect waste paper, scrap metal, old plastic and recycle it.
14. What does factories do with waste and scrap?
15. Why do the world need more food?
 
take
doesn’t
brush
is
between
are
bananas
How much

once
to do
in
the highest
them
do
does

C. GÓC ĐỐ VUI
Game of Hidden English Words : Animals
1. lion - There were two milLION dollars in the bank.
2. cat - The police inspectors were trying to loCATc the robbers.
3. rat - The cook was gRATing the cheese.
4. dog - Kevin has been advised to DO Good reading for the test.
5. ewe (Con cừu) - AndrEW Entered the cafeteria in the evening.
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